Scarlet fever is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS). It is most common in kids age 5 to 15. The bacteria get airborne when someone with scarlet fever coughs or sneezes. People then inhale the bacteria or touch something — like a door handle or plate — where the germs land. The bacteria then release toxins that cause symptoms. More info:biomedscan.ro
Symptoms of scarlet fever start with a sore throat and fever. A rash then develops, often around the neck and chest but spreading to the arms and back. The rash is red and fine, and it may look like sandpaper. It is not uncommon for the rash to fade after 2 to 7 days. After the rash has faded, skin creases and the genital area can turn brighter red, called papules or petechiae. The tongue may also develop a strawberry-colored coating, which is also called the “scarlet tongue.”
The Red Menace: Navigating the Causes and Management of Scarlet Fever
Treatment of scarlet fever starts with antibiotics. The most common antibiotic is penicillin, but other oral antibiotics such as azithromycin or narrow-spectrum cephalosporins can be used. It is important to take all of the antibiotics to make sure that all of the bacteria are killed.
People with scarlet fever should stay home from work or school until they no longer have a fever and their rash is not splotchy. They should also keep from touching anything that other people may come in contact with until they have finished their antibiotics.